The field of diabetes mellitus research is currently characterized by rapid and remarkable growth that has led to the development of significant diagnostic and therapeutic advances. This is very important given the fact that the frequency of the disease continues to increase at alarming rates worldwide. This new volume is a comprehensive overview of the contemporary state of the art in the field. Experts shed light on a broad range of relevant aspects, from genetic background to topics related to diabetic complications such as diabetic retinopathy or diabetic nephropathy. This is expanded upon through papers reporting on the present state of diabetes in pregnancy and on the relationship between diabetes and cancer. There is also an inventory of currently used therapeutic tools and a review of novel therapeutic approaches like incretin-based therapies or sodium-glucose transporter-2 inhibitors. Additionally, the latest technological developments such as enhanced features for blood glucose meter or continuous and implantable glucose monitoring devices are included. Providing a concise but comprehensive update, this book will be essential to every clinician involved in the treatment of diabetes mellitus.